A video clip featuring Jon Vickers performing "La fleur que tu m'avais jetée" (Flower song) from Georges Bizet's Carmen. From YouTube.
Watch Jon Vickers perform "Parlar non vuoi" from the opera Il Trovatore. With Edith Della Pergola. From YouTube.com.
Though he has given occasional recitals in Canada, notably in Toronto and at the opening of the 1969 Guelph Spring Festival, Vickers in his maturity sang little opera in Canada. While this has been blamed on Toronto critics' reactions to his recitals, in the 1960s and 1970s it probably was due to his fees, which by then were justifiably large, and to his time, which was too limited to accommodate the weeks of rehearsal often demanded. Nevertheless, there have been stellar occasions: he sang Otello in four performances in July 1967 at the World Festival (Expo 67) in Montreal. With the soprano Régine Crespin and the MSO he sang Act I of Die Walküre at the opening ceremonies of the NAC, 10 Jun 1969. He was the Male Chorus in the Guelph Spring Festival production (4, 6, and 8 May 1974) of Britten's The Rape of Lucretia. With the soprano Birgit Nilsson and the TS under Zubin Mehta he sang opera excerpts in what was billed as a 'Dream Concert' in Toronto in November 1974. And with the Opéra du Québec in May 1975 he was Tristan in five Montreal performances of Tristan und Isolde and acted as host for the production when it was seen on CBC TV (9 Feb 1977). An eight-city tour of Saskatchewan in 1977 with his accompanist Peter Schaaf culminated in a recital in his home city, Prince Albert, in the church where his father had preached as an elder and where he had sung in the choir as a child. The program included excerpts from Samson (Handel), Die Walküre, Hugh the Drover (Vaughan Williams), and Peter Grimes. He gave his first public performance of Schubert's dramatic song cycle Winterreise at the Guelph Spring Festival 9 May 1979. He returned to Canada that August to sing at the funeral of former Prime Minister John Diefenbaker at Christ Church Cathedral, Ottawa. He sang Winterreise to a near-capacity audience at Roy Thomson Hall in 1983 and gave recitals in Prince Albert and Vancouver in 1984. For the Toronto International Festival in 1984 he sang in Die Walküre and Peter Grimes with the Metropolitan Opera on tour. In 1985 and in 1988 he made concert appearances with the Kitchener-Waterloo Symphony Orchestra including entire acts from Die Walküre and Parsifal. In 1987 he returned to sing at the RCMT centennial concert at Roy Thomson Hall, and later at the Guelph Spring Festival. In order to spend more time with his family Vickers limited his performances to 65 a year after 1966. For years at the height of his career he maintained a farm in Ontario, working it himself between engagements to maintain a contact with realities different from those of the operatic world. In 1973, however, he moved to Bermuda.
Vickers included a number of Canadian works in his recital repertoire. He was a champion of the songs of Bernard Naylor, stating 'I love Naylor's songs... I don't think the world is really ready for Naylor's songs but his day will come' (Music Magazine, Nov/Dec 1986) and he was well reviewed (Toronto Globe and Mail, 25 Apr 1987) for his performance of Jean Coulthard's Six Medieval Love Songs. He recorded these and other Canadian songs for Centrediscs in 1986. Vickers announced his retirement in 1988.
A Newsweek article (15 Mar 1976) on the world's leading tenors described Vickers as 'an austere, reflective Canadian... goaded by the demands of a protestant work ethic' and continued: '[He] uses his rugged voice with a contemptuous disregard for musical or national boundaries and a compulsion to challenge the brutes of the repertory... The sound of his muscular, tireless voice is pitted and scarred as if hacked out of a Canadian quarry. But it is clearly made by hand, its imperfections redeemingly human and individual. What he conveys with unrelenting concentration is a profound dramatic sensibility.' Will Crutchfield commented in the New York Times (30 Mar 1987).that at 60 years of age Vickers 'can put [his voice's] full strength behind long, sustained phrases in the region of upper F, G and A flat without strain or apparent fatigue, and he can soften it... without fading into insubstantiality. This should come as no surprise: Mr. Vickers has an enormous voice, but does not sing as though a special effort at bigness is the point.'
Vickers was named a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1968 and in 1975 won a Molson Prize presented 21 Jun 1976 at Ottawa. Outside Canada he won the 1978 Evening Standard Award for the 'most outstanding achievement in opera' for his performance of Tristan, and in 1985 he was named to the Academy of Vocal Arts Hall of Fame for Great American Singers. He returned to Canada in 1986 to be the first Wilma and Clifford Smith Visitor in Music at the University of Toronto, giving lectures on Dichterliebe, Winterreise, and Peter Grimes to overflowing houses of students and the general public. He also gave a series of three lectures on 'The Contribution of the Art of Music to the Civilizing Process' for the RCMT in July 1991.
'On singing Wagner,' OpCan, Feb 1970
- Fidelio. Vienna Phil, Karajan conductor. 1962. 3-Movimento Musica 03-014
- Fidelio. San Francisco Opera O, Chor, Böhm conductor. 1968. 2-Melodram CDM-27086 (CD)
- Fidelio. Berlin Phil, Karajan conductor. 1970. 3-Angel SCL-3773/2-EMI CMS-7-69290-2 (CD)
- Fidelio. Royal Opera House O, Covent Garden, Klemperer conductor. 1961. 2-Melodram MEL-27076
- Symphony No. 9. London SO, Monteux conductor. 1958. 2-West WST-234/2-West WG-8634/2-MCA MCAD2-9806 (CD)
- Symphony No. 9. Cleveland O, Maazel conductor. (1979). 8-Col M8X-35191/CBS MK-38868 (CD)
- Symphony No. 9. New York Phil, Meta conductor. 1983. 2-RCA ARC2-4734/RCA RCD1-5020
Berlioz Les Troyens. Royal Opera O, Covent Garden, C. Davis conductor. 1969. 5-Philips 6709-002/4-Philips 416-432-2 (CD)/(excerpts) Philips 6500-161
Bizet Carmen. Paris Opera O, de Burgos conductor. (1970). 3-Angel SCL-3767/(excerpts) Angel S-36829/Angel AV-34005/Angel CMS-7-63643-2 (CD)
- Carmen. Vienna Phil O, Karajan conductor. 1966. Price-Less 1838/3-Frequenz CBJ-3 (CD)
Britten Peter Grimes. Royal Opera O, C. Davis conductor. 1978. 3-Philips 6769-014/2-Philips 432-572-2 (CD)
Cherubini Medea. Dallas Civic Opera O, Rescigno conductor. 1958. 2-Historical Recording Enterprises HRE-358-2/2-Melodram MEL-26016 (CD)/2-Opera Italiana OPI-10 (CD)
- Medea. Royal Opera House O, Covent Garden, Rescigno conductor. 1959. 3-Foyer FO-1001/2-Melodram MEL-26005 (CD)
- Medea LaScala O and Chor, Schippers conductor. 1961. 4-MRF 102/3-Fonit Cetra DOC-21/2-Hunt CDLSMH-34028 (CD)
First Performance, Lincoln Centre for the Performing Arts: New York Phil, Bernstein conductor. 1962. 2-Col Legacy L2S-1008
Glick - Morawetz - Coulthard - Kent. Woitach piano. 1973. CBC SM-180/(Glick) 4-ACM 34 (CD)
Handel Messiah. Royal Phil O, Beecham conductor. 1959. 4-RCA LDS-6409/3-RCA AGL3-2444/(excerpts) RCA LDS-2447 /2-RCA CRL2-0192/MET 208 (CD)
Italian Arias. Rome Opera House O, Serafin conductor. (1964). RCA LSC-2741/(selections) 8-RCA CRM8-5177
Jon Vickers, Tenor: Bizet - Britten - et al. 195? Unique Opera ORC-203
Mahler Das Lied von der Erde. Norman soprano, London SO, Davis conductor. 1981. Philips 6514-112/Philips 411-474-2 (CD)
Monteverdi L'incoronazione di Poppea. Rudel conductor. 1978. 3-Legendary LR-160-3
Saint-Saëns Samson et Dalila. Paris Opera O, Prêtre conductor. 1962. 3-Angel SCL-3639/2-EMI CDCB-7-47895-8 (CD)/(excerpts) Angel S-36210/Angel AV-34052/('Arrêtez, ô mes frères!') Angel S-36947
Scarlatti - Purcell - Dvořák - Beethoven - traditional. Barkin piano. 1969. RCI 287/CBC SM-76
Schubert Winterreise. Parsons piano. 1983. 2-EMI (France) 173-197-3 (CD)
Strauss Salome. ORTF Orch, Kempe conductor. 1974. 2-Historical Recording Enterprises HRE-396
Vaughan Williams Serenade to Music. New York Phil, Bernstein conductor. 1962. Col MS-7177
Verdi Aida. Rome Opera House O, Solti conductor. 1961.3-RCA LSC-6158/3-Lon OSA-1393/3-Lon 417-416-2 (CD)/(excerpts) RCA LSC-2616 /Lon 421-860-2 (CD)/('Mortal, diletto ai numi') 4-Lon OSA-1441/('Quest'assisa ch'io vesti... Ma tu, Re') 2-MET 503 (CD)
- Aida. Royal Opera House O, Covent Garden, Downes conductor. 1968. 2-Melodram MEL-27019 (CD)/2-Opera Italiana OPI-13 (CD)
- Aida 'Duet, Act IV.' Simionato mezzo. 1959? Legendary LR-147
- Don Carlos. Royal Opera House O, Covent Garden, Giulini conductor. 1958. 3-Paragon DSV-52008/3-Legends XLNC-III (cass)/('Duets') 3-Melodram 435
- Macbeth. Royal Opera House O and Chor, Covent Garden, Molinari Pradelli conductor. 1960. 3-Melodram 435
- Otello. Rome Opera House, O, Serafin conductor. 1960. 3-RCA LDS-6155/3-RCA AGL3-1969/2-RCA 1969-2-RG (CD)/(excerpts) RCA LSC-2844
- Otello 'Già nella notte densa'. De Los Angeles soprano, Rescigno conductor. 1968. Voce 119 (CD)
- Otello. Berlin Phil, Karajan conductor. 1973. 3-Angel SCLX-3809/2-EMI CMS-7-69308-2 (CD)/(excerpts) EMI CDM-7-63454-2 (CD)
- Requiem. New Philharmonia O, Barbirolli conductor. 1969-70. 2-Angel SB-3757/2-Angel RLB-3201/2-EMI CZS7-62892-2 (CD)
Vickers: MacMillan - Somers - Coulthard - Ridout - Beckwith - Naylor - Morawetz. Woitach piano. 1985. Centrediscs CMC-2185/RCI 613
Wagner Die Walküre (Hans Knappertsbusch conductor); excerpt on recording of Lohengrin (Cluytens conductor). Bayreuth Festival O. 1958. 3-Myto MCD-89002
- Parsifal. Bayreuth Festival O, Knappertsbusch conductor. 1964. 5-Melodram MEL-643/4-Hunt 4-CDLSMH-34051 (CD)
- Der Ring des Nibelungen: Die Walküre. Berlin Phil, Karajan conductor. (1972). 19-DG-2720-051/19-DG 2740-240
- Tristan und Isolde. Berlin Phil, Karajan conductor. 1972. 5-Angel SEL-3777/4-EMI CMS-7-69319-2 (CD)
- Tristan und Isolde. Metropolitan Opera O, Leinsdorf conductor. 1974. 4-Historical Opera Treasures ERR-141
- Tristan und Isolde. ORTF Orch, Böhm conductor. 1973. 4-Historical Recording Enterprises HRE-359/3-Rudolphe RPC-32553-55 (CD)
- Die Walküre. Berlin Phil, Karajan conductor. (1967). 4-DG SLPM-139-226/5-DG 2713-002/4-DG 415-145-2 (CD)/(excerpts) DG 136-435/DG 2537-012/('Ein Schwert verhiess mir der Vater') DG 2538-244
- Die Walküre. London SO, Leinsdorf conductor. 1961. 5-RCA LDS-6706/5-Lon OSA-1511/3-Lon 430-391-2 (CD)/('Ein Schwert verhiess mir der Vater') 3-MET 50/('Siegmund! sieh auf mich!') 2-MET 405
- Die Walküre (excerpts). Ehrling conductor. 1974? 4-Historical Opera Treasures ERR-141
- Die Walküre. Bayreuth Festival O, Knappertsbusch conductor. 1958. 4-Melodram 587/3-Hunt CDLSMH-34042/12-Hunt CDAKR-223 (CD)
See also Discography for Toronto Mendelssohn Choir.
Kirby, Blaik. 'Vickers: world critics praise him, but Toronto inflicts scars,' Toronto Globe and Mail, 6 Mar 1971
McLean, Eric. 'Man on a tightrope,' Montreal Star, 31 Jul 1971
Mould, Warren. 'Controversially speaking: here's Jon Vickers,' Sound, vol 2, Dec 1971, vol 3, Feb 1972
Littler, William. 'Jon Vickers may study as conductor,' Toronto Star, 22 Oct 1973
Kraglund, John. 'Vickers criticizes musical nationalism,' Toronto Globe and Mail, 17 Jan 1974
Ardoin, John. 'Jon Vickers,' The Tenor, ed Herbert Breslin (New York 1974)
Gingras, Claude. 'Jon Vickers: l'art rongé par l'envie,' Montreal La Presse, 6 Jul 1975
Saal, Herbert. 'The puritan and the cavalier,' Newsweek, 15 Mar 1976
Blyth, Alan. 'Knight at the opera,' London Daily Telegraph, 26 Feb 1977
Johnstone, Bruce. 'Jon Vickers' home-coming,' Fugue, Jan 1978
Colgrass, Ulla. 'In pursuit of truth,' Music, Aug 1979
Brard, Jean-Claude. 'Jon Vickers, un ténor "vaste comme la mer",' Ottawa Le Droit, 4 Apr 1981
Cairns, David. 'Jon Vickers,' OpCan, vol 23, Sep 1982 (repr from the Sunday Times Colour Magazine)
Kareda, Urjo. 'The tenor of his time,' Saturday Night Magazine, Mar 1983
Loppert, Max. 'Jon Vickers on Peter Grimes,' Opera, vol 35, Aug 1984
Crutchfield, Will. ' Winterreise receives an operatic performance,' New York Times, 10 Feb 1985.
Durichen, Pauline. 'Jon Vickers: Canadian tenor finds acclaim on world stage,' Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 18 Apr 1985
Colgrass, Ulla. 'A tenor cast in the heroic mold,' Music, vol 9, Nov-Dec 1986
William, Jeannie. 'A sense of awe: the career of Jon Vickers as seen in reviews,' Opera Q, vol 7, Autumn 1990
William, Jeannie. A Hero's Life, 1999
Jon Vickers - a Man and His Music (CBC TV 1974)
Verdi Otello. Berlin Phil, Karajan conductor. 1974. Unitel/DG
Fidelio; filmed at the 1977 Orange Festival in France (Sunchild Production)
Britten Peter Grimes, BBC-TV. Royal Opera House O, Covent Garden, Davis conductor. 1981. Castle Opera
Saint- Saëns Samson et Dalila, BBC-TV. Royal Opera House O, Covent Garden, Davis conductor. 1981. Castle Opera/Thorn-EMI-HBO
Author Ruby Mercer, Kenneth Winters
Links to Other Sites
Jon Vickers in Britten's Peter Grimes
Jon Vickers performs as Peter Grimes in Britten's opera "Peter Grimes." From YouTube.
This 1993 interview with Jon Vickers is from the Metropolitan Opera website.
Vickers sings "Vesti la Giubba" from Pagliacci
View a video clip from a CBC TV broadcast featuring Jon Vickers singing "Vesti la Giubba" from the opera Pagliacci. Check this site for additional performances by Vickers. From YouTube.
Jon Vickers - Parlar non vuoi
View Jon Vickers perform "Parlar non vuoi?" from the opera "Il Trovatore." With Edith Della Pergola. From YouTube.com.
University of Toronto: Opera Division
The website for the illustrious Opera Division at the University of Toronto's Faculty of Music. Features faculty and alumni profiles, events listings, and academic program information.
La fleur que tu m'avais jetée
A video clip featuring Jon Vickers performing "La fleur que tu m'avais jetée" (Flower song) from Georges Bizet's "Carmen". From YouTube.
Shawnadithit grew anxious waiting for her uncle, Longnon, to return to camp at the junction of Badger Brook and the Exploits River, deep in the wilds of Newfoundland...