1/ CBC National Radio Competition for Young Performers, 1959-
2/ CBC National Radio Competition for Young Composers, 1973-
3/ CBC National Radio Competition for Amateur Choirs, 1976-
In addition to these major competitions, the CBC has sponsored other competitions for composers and songwriters (see Composition Competitions).
CBC National Radio Competition for Young Performers, 1959-
CBC National Radio Competition for Young Performers (CBC Talent Festival 1959-76; CBC Talent Competition 1976-84)/Concours National de Radio-Canada. Radio competition - a successor to 'Opportunity Knocks' - initiated by Geoffrey Waddington and Terence Gibbs in 1959 and held annually to 1979, biennially thereafter. The first finals were broadcast in 1960 from Toronto. Open to instrumentalists aged 15 to 30 and singers up to 35 years, the competitions have attracted as many as 200 contestants in one year. Semi-finalists are selected at auditions in major cities across Canada, and from these, two finalists are chosen in each performance category. The competition is carried in French and English on the CBC networks, and the finals, while generally held in Ottawa (with the NACO) or Quebec City (with the Quebec Symphony Orchestra), also have taken place in Edmonton, Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver.
During the first five years only singers and pianists competed, and the winner in each category received $1000, the runner-up singer $250. The categories then were increased to four and in 1978 to five: piano, voice, strings, winds, and a rotating 'speciality' category - harpsichord in 1978, guitar in 1979, harp in 1981, and piano trio in 1983. After 1983 the special category was dropped and the piano and vocal categories began to alternate with strings, woodwinds, and brass. By 1978 prize money had increased to $500 for all finalists, $2500 for the winners in each category, and a $5000 grand prize; by 1991 category winners received $5000 and the grand prize was $6000. An award for the best performance of a Canadian work in the semi-final round was established in 1985, and was $2000 in 1991.Winners have appeared in special broadcasts or telecasts. In addition, beginning in 1978 first-prize winners received scholarships to either the Banff CA or the JMC Orford Art Centre.
Contestants perform with an orchestra. Conductors for the competitions have included Raffi Armenian, John Avison, Mario Bernardi, Franz-Paul Decker, James De Preist, Sir Ernest MacMillan, and Simon Streatfeild. Among the judges have been Murray Adaskin, Robert Aitken, Pierrette Alarie, Louise André, Victor Bouchard, James Campbell, Marius Constant, John de Lancie, Lorand Fenyves, Kenneth Gilbert, Leonard Isaacs, Philip Jones, Alexandre Lagoya, André Laplante, Sir Ernest MacMillan, Phyllis Mailing, Franco Mannino, Mady Mesplé, Mary Morrison, John Newmark, Arthur Ozolins, Jan Rubes, Léopold Simoneau, Raoul Sosa, Gerald Stanick, Steven Staryk, Malcolm Troup, Tsuyoshi Tsutsumi, Ronald Turini, Jean Vallerand, Fanny Waterman, and George Zukerman.
In 1983 Clermont Pépin's Trio No. 2 was commissioned as the imposed piece for the special piano trio category. To mark the 25th anniversary of the competition in 1989, there were five categories of competition, and a gala concert took place 7 May at Roy Thomson Hall that featured 14 past winners performing with the TS conducted by Mario Bernardi, and a performance of Akasha for orchestra, commissioned from Glenn Buhr. The soloists were: Gianetta Baril, James Campbell, Angela Cheng, Claude Corbeil, Angèle Dubeau, Judith Forst, Ben Heppner, Angela Hewitt, Norbert Kraft, Louis Lortie, Jon Kimura Parker, Marina Piccinini, James Sommerville, and Heather Thomson.
First Prize Winners
Schulman, Michael. 'CBC's Talent Festival is exactly that,' PfAC, Summer 1976
Lemery, Marthe. 'Le Concours national de Radio-Canada, un tremplin vers une carrière internationale?' Aria, vol 7, Winter 1984
Moorhouse, Colin. 'In pursuit of excellence,' Radio Guide, vol 9, May 1989
Bernstein, Tamara. 'High level of professionalism in CBC young performers contest,' Toronto Globe and Mail, 15 May 1989
CBC National Radio Competition for Young Composers, 1973-
CBC National Radio Competition for Young Composers (CBC Radio Canada Council Awards for Young Composers 1973-4; National Competition for Young Composers 1975-6)/Concours national des jeunes compositeurs. Biennial awards established to promote the composition of concert music by Canadians, and to ensure a performance of such music. A total of $19,000 was awarded in 1974 from monies provided by the CBC, the Canada Council, the OAC, and the MACQ. The amount had increased to $26,000 by 1979 as a result of allocations from the British Columbia Cultural Fund, the MACQ, Alberta Culture, and the Saskatchewan Arts Board. Provincial support continued until 1986. In 1990 $32,000 was offered. The competition is administered by the Canadian Music Centres in Toronto and Montreal, and jurors are drawn from the ranks of established Canadian and foreign composers (eg, for the 1977-8 competition, the US composer Earle Brown and the Canadians Malcolm Forsyth, Otto Joachim, and Jean Papineau-Couture; for the 1989-90 competition, the French composer Serge Nigg, the Scottish composer Judith Weir, and Canadians Patrick Cardy, Denis Gougeon, and Gilles Tremblay).
To be eligible a work must be composed by a Canadian citizen or in Canada by a landed immigrant under 30years of age; it may be from 6 to 20 minutes in length; and as many as three works may be submitted by a composer. 190 works by 133 composers were submitted to the 1977-8 competition; 191 by 134 composers in 1984; and 88 works were submitted to the 1990 competition. In 1977 three separate categories were introduced: electronic works; chamber works employing from 2 to 12 instruments or voices; and works for solo instrument or voice, unaccompanied or accompanied. A lyric theatre category replaced the solo category in the 1981-2 competition, but no award was made. The categories were changed in 1986 to: string ensemble of 25-35 players, electronic or chamber ensemble up to 12 performers, and percussion up to 8 players; and changed again in 1988 to: chamber music, electronic, and strings. In 1982 the Canada Council inaugurated a grand prize ($5000 in 1990) for the best work overall, to be awarded at the discretion of the jury. The finalists' compositions are broadcast on the CBC English and French networks. The 1984 broadcast concert was given in conjunction with the ISCM festival, held in Toronto.
OAC award: Gary Hayes, Pythian I
MACQ award: Pierre Trochu, Orange
BC Cultural Fund award: Patrick Carpenter, Touch-Stone I
Electronic: 1/Jean Piché, La Mer à l'Aube; 2/John Thrower, Suite from Atma
Solo: 1/Anthony Genge, Eleven Steps; 2/John Burke, Six Regions
Electronic: no awards
Choral: 1/no first awarded; 2/John Burke, Diffusa est gratia, and 2/Denis Gougeon, Berceuse
Electronic: 1/no award, 2/Bernard Gagnon, Gwendolyn Descendue, and 2/Alain Thibeault, Sonergie
Lyric theatre: no award
Electronic: 1/no award, 2/Paul Dolden, The Melting Voice Through Mazes Running
Solo: 1/Gordon Monahan, Piano Mechanics, 2/Doug Schmidt, Imaginary Visions
Chamber or electronic: 1/Mario Rodrigue, Tilt (and grand prize), 2/Howard Bashaw, Tsunami
Percussion: 1/James Harley, Encounters II, 2/Richard Désilets, Prière pour une infinité
Electronic: 1/John Oliver, El Reposo del Fuego (and grand prize), 2/Stéphane Roy, Paysages intérieurs
Strings: 1/no award 2/Robert May, Nightstreaming
Electronic: 1/Marc Tremblay, L'Argent...toujours l'argent, 2/Daniel Leduc, Ombre
String ensemble: 1/Chris Paul Harman, Iridescence (and grand prize), 2/Omar Mark Daniel, Masque of the Red Death
CBC National Radio Competition for Amateur Choirs, 1976-
CBC National Radio Competition for Amateur Choirs (CBC Canada Council Prize for Amateur Choirs 1976-8)/Concours radiophonique national des chorales d'amateurs. Biennial competition that began in 1976 with five categories, open to all amateur choirs in Canada; (conductors, however, are exempt from the amateur qualification). A regional three-member jury selects up to two choirs in each category as entrants in the national-level competition. A national three-member jury selects the finalists in each category, and these then qualify for broadcast on the English and French radio networks. In the 1990 competition, a month of broadcasts by the 43 finalists preceded the announcement of the winners on CBC's 'Choral Concert' 27 May. First-prize winners in each of the eight categories received $1500, second $1000. The number of categories had expanded from the original five to seven by 1980, and to eight in 1988. These categories have included school or children's choirs (unchanged voices), youth choirs (up to 21 years of age), and various adult choirs: equal voices, mixed voices over 29 members, mixed-voice chamber with 16-28 members, traditional and ethno-cultural choirs, and beginning in 1988, large choirs with 60 or more members. Any choir in any category also may enter the contemporary choral music category initiated in 1980. Special awards also have been made for the performance of Canadian music in any of the categories (1978, 1982, 1988, 1990); in 1980 this was limited to performance of music by Willan in honour of his centennial.
Categories and First-place Winners:
Adult Mixed Chamber
Adult Equal Voice
Contemporary Choral Music
Special Prize: Canadian Work
Author Nancy McGregor, Gilles Potvin, Claire Versailles, Patricia Wardrop
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