A manuscript, 'Not unto us, Lord' - subtitled a 'Thanksgiving Anthem, for the taking of Montreal and making us Masters of all Canada' and attributed to the Chapel Royal composer James Nares - is held in the British Library. Franz Koczwara, whose descriptive instrumental piece The Battle of Prague was widely popular, began another, Siege of Quebec (for harpsichord or piano and violin, cello and timpani ad lib), which after his death in 1791 was completed by W.B. de Krifft and in 1806 was performed in Quebec. The Battles of Lake Champlain and Plattsburg (where the US forces defeated the Canadian in 1812) was the title of a grand sonata by the Boston musician Francesco Masi. (See also Battle music.)
Visits To Canada
Probably the first composer to write music inspired by a visit to Canada was Ole Bull, the Norwegian violinist who wrote Niagara (for violin and piano) ca 1845. (See also Niagara Falls in music.) Oliver King, an Englishman who served in Ottawa as the pianist to Princess Louise (wife of the Governor General, the Marquess of Lorne) wrote an overture (Among the Pines, Novello 1883) which won a prize offered by the London Philharmonic Society in 1883. Louis Victor Saar, a Dutch-American, wrote From the Mountain Kingdom of the Great North-West (Aus der kanadischen Alpenwelt) for orchestra in 1922 and a Canadian song cycle, 'Four Seasons,' to words by John Murray Gibbon in 1926. Among other 20th-century orchestral works inspired by visits to Canada are Quinto Maganini's The Lake at Sunset, A Canadian Idyll (1938, inspired by Lake Timagami in northern Ontario), Benjamin Britten's Canadian Carnival (1939), Arthur Benjamin's North American Square-Dance (1951, a suite based on fiddle tunes from Canada and the USA), and Alan Shulman's Laurentian Overture (1952).
British Imperial Patriotism
At the invitation of the Governor General, the Marquess of Lorne, Sir Arthur Sullivan wrote a Dominion hymn (1880) to Lorne's text 'God bless our wide Dominion'. C.H.H. Parry wrote a Newfoundland hymn in 1902, and Edward German composed a patriotic hymn, 'Canada,' in 1904. None of these composers had visited Canada save Sullivan, who was a guest of the governor-general in 1880. Gounod's 'Notre Dame du Canada' seems to be simply an adaptation of his 'Notre Dame de France, hymne de la patrie'.
Settings Of Canadian Folk Tunes
Arrangements of Canadian folk material for choir or voice and instrument(s) were written by Joseph Canteloube, Paul Creston, Louis Victor Saar, Lazare Saminsky, Arthur Somervell, and Ralph Vaughan Williams. Of instrumental pieces by non-Canadian composers, Paul Gilson's Fantaisie canadienne (written about 1891 and published by Breitkopf ca 1898 as Fantasie über kanadische Volksweisen) and Sir Alexander Mackenzie's Canadian Rhapsody (1905) for orchestra are perhaps the most ambitious. For smaller forces there are Eugène Gigout's Rhapsodie sur des chansons populaires du Canada (organ, late 19th century, published by Durand in 1898) and Maud Wyatt Pargeter's String Quartet on Canadian Themes (which received an honourable mention in the E.W. Beatty Competition at the 1928 Canadian Folksong and Handicraft Festival - see CPR Festivals). There are several other works of this type, including H. Maurice Jacquet's Suite canadienne (Birchard 1927). Tres preludios sôbre temas canadenses (1943) by the Brazilian composer Francesco Mignone have been recorded by André-Sébastien Savoie (RCI 418).
Romualdo Marenco's ballet Sport (1897) includes a Montreal episode 'Valzer dei pattinatori'. Scott Joplin's ragtime classic The Maple Leaf Rag (1899) is said to have had indirect Canadian inspiration (see Ragtime). Among songs, 'Canadian Capers' (1915) by the US writers Gus Chandler, Bert White, and Harry Cohen (music) and Earl Burtnett (lyrics) and 'Canadian Sunset' (1956) by the US bandleader Eddie Heywood have been especially popular, and in French-speaking countries 'Ma Cabane au Canada' (1947), by Louis (Loulou) Gasté to lyrics by Mireille Broccy, had a success, particularly as sung by the French chanteuse Line Renaud. The musical Foxy (1962), set in the Klondike, was conceived by a team of US writers, including the Canadian expatriate Robert Emmett Dolan.
Author Helmut Kallmann, Gilles Potvin
De la Laurencie, Lionel. 'America in the French music of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,' MQ, vol 7, Apr 1921
Erasmi, Gabriele. 'A Canadian in Italy at the end of the Enlightenment: Rossini's La cambiale di matrimonio,' Italian Canadiana, vol 1, Spring 1985