), genus of trees of elm family (Ulmaceae), found only in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Twenty-five species occur worldwide; 3 are native to Canada. White elm occurs as far west as central Saskatchewan; rock and slippery elms are restricted to parts of extreme southwestern Ontario and southeastern Québec. Elms, especially white or American elm, may reach imposing heights and are characterized by an umbrella-shaped crown. Leaves are simple, short-stalked, oval (slightly asymmetrical at base) and veined, and have teeth of 2 sizes along the margin. They alternate along the twig. The flat, winged fruit develops in very early spring. Elms can grow in various habitats but are usually found in wet, fertile ones (eg, alluvial flats). The very hard wood is used for specialized items, eg, for hockey sticks, and for piano bodies, caskets and furniture. Elms are often planted as ORNAMENTALS
but many have died from Dutch elm disease.
White elm may reach imposing heights and are characterized by an umbrella-shaped crown (artwork by Claire Tremblay).
Links to Other Sites
The Plant List
Search this online database for information about one million plant species from around the world. Also, click on "major plant groups" at the bottom of the page to browse descriptions of species of interest. Fungi and algae are excluded. From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in the UK and the Missouri Botanical Garden in the US.
Flora of North America
The FNA website features information on the names, taxonomic relationships, continent-wide distributions, and morphological characteristics of all plants native and naturalized found in North America north of Mexico.