The leaves of the Douglas fir are evergreen, needlelike and 2-3 cm long. The cones are 5-10 cm long, have rounded scales and distinct, three-pronged bracts (modified leaves). Pollination occurs in early spring; seeds are shed in late summer or fall. Douglas fir resembles true firs, hemlocks and spruces but is most closely related to the LARCH. One of the most important timber species in North America, it is now planted in many regions of Europe. Canada's tallest Douglas fir, 94.3 m in height and 8.07 m in circumference, stands near Coquitlam, BC.
See also David DOUGLAS.
Author JOHN N. OWENS
Links to Other Sites
The Plant List
Search this online database for information about one million plant species from around the world. Also, click on "major plant groups" at the bottom of the page to browse descriptions of species of interest. Fungi and algae are excluded. From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in the UK and the Missouri Botanical Garden in the US.
The Ecological Framework of Canada
This site describes Canada's ecozones and the general concepts of ecological classification. Based on data developed by Environment Canada.
Flora of North America
The FNA website features information on the names, taxonomic relationships, continent-wide distributions, and morphological characteristics of all plants native and naturalized found in North America north of Mexico.
Shawnadithit grew anxious waiting for her uncle, Longnon, to return to camp at the junction of Badger Brook and the Exploits River, deep in the wilds of Newfoundland...