Some of the greatest depths in the eastern Arctic are reached here (3660 m) in the southern end of the strait. The surface waters are strongly affected by counterclockwise-flowing currents. Along the west side, an outflow of cold water from the Arctic Basin moves south, at flow velocities of 8-20 km/day, to feed the Labrador current. On the east side the west Greenland countercurrent brings warmer water north. Ice conditions reflect this flow regime, with heavy ice movement and icebergs along the western shore, contrasting sharply with more open water along the Greenland side. The strait was first explored by John DAVIS, leader of 3 voyages 1585-87 organized by merchants of London, England.
Author DOUG FINLAYSON
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Oceans North Canada
This website examines conservation strategies that address the impact of climate change in the Arctic. Programs include identification of marine conservation areas, land claims agreements, fisheries management plans, ecosystem studies, and related initiatives. Features maps and striking photographs of local landscapes.