It now seems that each side was irrationally fearful of the other's apparent intentions. Canada's position was determined by its experience of Russian spying at the end of WWII (the GOUZENKO case); its detestation of the totalitarian Soviet regime; and its economic, cultural and strategic links to the US and Britain. For most of the Cold War both sides were convinced that ordinary diplomatic negotiations were pointless because there was no possibility of agreement or common interest on any important topic.
The Cold War eased with the death of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin in 1953, and serious diplomatic discussions were then resumed. A final, symbolic end to the Cold War came with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the tearing down of the Berlin Wall in 1990.
Author ROBERT BOTHWELL
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This bunker was to designed to serve as the Central Emergency Government Headquarters in the event of a nuclear attack. Now an Ottawa area tourist attraction.