. Chatham is located near the mouth of the MIRAMICHI RIVER
. The settlement was named about 1800 by its founder, Francis Peabody, for William Pitt, earl of Chatham and prime minister of England. The town's early political and business life was dominated by Joseph CUNARD
, of the world-famous shipping family, who controlled most lumbering and shipbuilding interests until his bankruptcy in 1847. Livelihood has long been dependent on the fluctuating timber economy. The removal of the Roman Catholic St Thomas University (established 1910) to FREDERICTON
in 1964 was a severe blow to the area, as was the closure of CFB Chatham (1995/1996), which from 1941 had been crucial to the local economy. St Michael's Basilica is one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture in Canada. Chatham boasts a fine collection of artifacts at the Miramichi Natural History Museum.
Samuel Cunard, politician
Samuel Cunard, 1881, lithograph, from the Canadian Portrait Gallery, Toronto (courtesy Library and Archives Canada/C-7044).
WILLIAM R. MACKINNON
Links to Other Sites
Panoramic Maps: Canadian
Click on the map to select historical panoramic maps of various Canadian locations. Use the "zoom" function for close-up views. From The Library of Congress in the US.
Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce
The website for the Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce (APCC), formerly the Maritime Board of Trade. Formed in 1896, this organization promotes and supports business and economic development in Atlantic Canada. Click on "Chambers" for links to local Chambers of Commerce.
Chatham, NB, was a town from 1896 to 1995 when it then became part of the newly incorporated city of