Beginning in the late 1960s, increasing governmental activity and rapidly escalating expenditures encouraged experimentation with additional central agencies to co-ordinate sectors of the budgetary "envelope" into which the total budget was divided (program budgeting). By the mid-eighties, most such agencies were abandoned, although without reduction in the size and reach of the entrenched central agencies. Their controlling presence is intended to ensure that regular ("line") departments provide programs and services efficiently and effectively. However, central agencies face a constant dilemma of not allowing their responsibility for co-ordination/control to trespass unduly on the individual operating department's responsibility to PARLIAMENT for the care and management of its own portfolio.
Author J.E. HODGETTS
Links to Other Sites
The Canadian State: Documents & Dialogue
The Canadian State Web exhibition enables students to explore the various aspects of Canadian governance and to use a set of unique "real life" activities to create their own political party. The activities cover a wide variety of Social Science disciplines: History, Civics, Law, Language Arts, World Issues, Communications, and Canada in a North American Perspective. From Library and Archives Canada.