Nearby Carbonear Island was fortified in 1679 and was the only Newfoundland site to resist French attacks in 1697, although Carbonear itself was razed. The town again fell to the French in 1705, and was the object of numerous other attacks by French and American privateers until the early 1800s. Carbonear Islands military importance was recognized in 1954 when it was designated a site of national significance. In 1981 it was officially declared a national historic site.
With the rise of the seal hunt and the Labrador cod fishery, Carbonear became a major commercial centre in the 1800s. Violent political riots here in the early and mid-1800s led to the dissolution of the Newfoundland Legislature in 1841 and the suspension of the constitution. In the 1900s the economy diversified; Carbonear has become a regional retail, service, transportation, government and cultural centre. Fish processing continued to be important until the COD moratorium was put into place in the early 1990s. Since then, the processing plant has been converted to process crab and most recently seal. Carbonear is also the regions educational centre with campuses of 2 colleges.
Author JANET E.M. PITT AND ROBERT D. PITT
Links to Other Sites
Baccalieu Trail Archeology
Explore the history and heritage of the Baccalieu Trail Region, a collection of coastal communities along Conception Bay and the south side of Trinity Bay on Newfoundland’s Avalon Peninsula. Scroll down to "Henry Crout's Journal" for historical entries (note: Henry Crout was Sir Percival Willoughby's first agent in Newfoundland).
The website for the Town of Carbonear. Check out the illustrated history of this seaside Newfoundland community.
Baccalieu: Crossroads For Cultures
This site is devoted to the colourful history of the Baccalieu Trail region of Newfoundland and Labrador. Focuses on the Beothuk people, early European settlements, and the pirates who plundered local communities. Check out the glossary, online timeline, historic documents, maps, learning activities and much more.
Support for Princess Sheila Folk Sea Festival
A press release about the musical play "Princess Sheila Na Giera: A Legend of Love and Larceny." From the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce
The website for the Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce (APCC), formerly the Maritime Board of Trade. Formed in 1896, this organization promotes and supports business and economic development in Atlantic Canada. Click on "Chambers" for links to local Chambers of Commerce.
Shawnadithit grew anxious waiting for her uncle, Longnon, to return to camp at the junction of Badger Brook and the Exploits River, deep in the wilds of Newfoundland...