Laws are to be construed and applied so as not to detract from these rights and freedoms. One of the bill's weaknesses was that many judges regarded it as a mere interpretative aid. Section 2 provides that Parliament can override the mentioned rights by inserting a "notwithstanding" clause in the applicable statute; this has been done only once, during the 1970 OCTOBER CRISIS. To the extent that it is not superseded by the 1982 CANADIAN CHARTER OF RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS, the bill remains in effect.
Author W.H. MCCONNELL
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