Several fishing villages, the largest of which is BONAVISTA, lie along the bay's rugged, deeply indented coastline. The LABRADOR CURRENT sweeps past Cape Freels, regularly filling the outer bay with water cooler than -1°C and occasionally depositing an ICEBERG. Nonetheless, the protected inner bay warms up sufficiently for propagation of lobsters and supported an important inshore cod fishery until the cod moratorium was put in place in the early 1990s. Apart from fishing, lumber and transportation are the major industries of the area.
Over the years the waters of the bay have been the scene of scientific investigations of cod distribution relative to temperature and of fishing methodology. Cape Bonavista is the starting point for a series of hydrographic sections (the "Bonavista Triangle") carried out by the International Ice Patrol to monitor the Labrador Current and to help to forecast iceberg movement.
Author P.C. SMITH AND R.J. CONOVER
Links to Other Sites
Ryan Premises National Historic Site of Canada
Explore the picturesque Ryan Premises, a restored merchant's facility in Bonavista that recalls an earlier era in the history of the East Coast fishery. From Parks Canada.