Bluebirds breed in open country. The Eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) breeds across southeastern Canada from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia. Western and mountain bluebirds (S. mexicana and S. currucoides, respectively) breed in parts of western Canada.
Bluebirds nest in natural and woodpecker cavities or birdhouses, usually at shrub level. They lay 4-5 pale blue eggs, which are incubated about 14 days. Long trails of nest boxes have been established for them, especially in the Prairie provinces.
Primarily insectivorous, bluebirds do eat some small fruits particularly in late summer and fall.
Author R.D. JAMES
Links to Other Sites
All About Birds
Search this online bird identification guide for information on specific bird species found in North America. Click on the dynamic map of eBird sightings for a magnified view. From the Cornell Lab of Ornithology in the US.
Canadian Biodiversity Website
A great information source for all budding biologists. Learn about biodiversity theory, natural history, and conservation issues. From McGill’s Redpath Museum.
Hinterland Who's Who
Check out the extensive "Hinterland Who's Who" website for illustrated "Species Fact Sheets" about mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects found in Canada. Also covers related conservation and biodiversity issues and includes related multimedia and educational resources. From the Canadian Wildlife Service and the Canadian Wildlife Federation.