Saskatchewan Bison Association. The President of the Canadian Bison Association discuss bison farming and the bison industry. From SmartIdeas2009.
Bison Farming and Agri-tourism. A tour of a bison farm located near Rawdon, Québec. From John MacCalman.
Bison fell victim primarily to US military policy as their presence ensured the existence of hostile Native tribes that had proved very difficult to defeat by conventional means. The extermination of the US herds ensured the loss of Canadian bison as well. Commerce built on the sale of bison products flourished for about half a century. It was extended to other species as bison became scarce. In addition to the commercial harvest there was competition with the ever-increasing feral herds of mustangs.
The bison's excellent meat and superb hide, combined with its winter hardiness and unequalled ability to exist and even gain weight on poor forage, prompted attempts at domestication and cross-breeding with cattle. Male "cattalo" were found to be sterile, but females make excellent, long-lived, breeding stock. Experimental work on cattalo was unsuccessful, because of male sterility and market requirements for fatter meats. Today, leaner meat is increasing in popularity, and interest in bison ranching has increased.
Author VALERIUS GEIST
Links to Other Sites
Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts Challenge
The website for the Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts Challenge, which features Canada's largest essay writing competition for Aboriginal youth (ages 14-29) and a companion program for those who prefer to work through painting, drawing and photography. See their guidelines, teacher resources, profiles of winners, and more. From the Historica-Dominion Institute.
North American Bison
See a description of the natural history and typical habitat of the North American Bison. From the "Hinterland Who's Who" website. Also includes video clips, summaries of related conservation issues, and educational resources.
This Riel Business
View a documentary short based on "Tales from a Prairie Drifter," a stage comedy about the Northwest Rebellion performed by the Globe Theatre in Regina. From the National Film Board of Canada.
Canadian Biodiversity Website
A great information source for all budding biologists. Learn about biodiversity theory, natural history, and conservation issues. From McGill’s Redpath Museum.
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
An illustrated information guide for one of the world's best preserved buffalo jumps and a Unesco World Heritage Site located near Fort Macleod in Alberta. Produced by the Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump interpretive centre.
Four Directions Teachings
Elders and traditional teachers representing the Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibwe, Mohawk, and Mi’kmaq share teachings about their history and culture. Animated graphics visualize each of the oral teachings. This website also provides biographies of participants, transcripts, and an extensive array of learning resources for students and their teachers. In English with French subtitles.
Sir Henry James Warre
A collection of paintings and drawings depicting western Canada by Sir Henry James Warre. From the website for the British Columbia Archives.
Industrial Development of Lethbridge: A Geographer's Interpretation
An account of the industrial development in the City of Lethbridge from a geographical and historical perspective. A paper by Ian MacLachlan, The University of Lethbridge. Click on the link at the bottom of the page for the PDF version of this document.
Eleanor Luxton Historical Foundation
The website for an organization dedicated to the preservation of the historic Luxton home and other distinctive heritage structures in Banff. Browse the website to find out more about the foundations programs and the history of the Luxton family. Also check out online images of their impressive collection of art works and artifacts.
A description of the Red River and its role in the settlement of the Canadian West. Click on the links at the bottom of the page for more information. From the Canadian Council for Geographic Education.