Following the retreat of glacial ice, about 13 000 years ago, the lowlands were nearly completely flooded by the sea to a height of 30 m. Subsequent isostatic uplift caused withdrawal of the sea, but in the last 6000 years sea-level rise has led to the growth of extensive salt marshes at each end of the lowlands, through which the Annapolis and Cornwallis rivers flow in broad meanders.
These marshes were the focal area of ACADIAN French settlement from the founding of PORT-ROYAL (1605) to the mid-18th century. Dikes were built by Acadians to regulate tidal flooding of the marshes and to permit their drainage for use as rich hayfields. Towards the centre of the lowlands, well-drained, stone-free soils on undulating topography free of spring frosts form the basis of apple orchards and dairy farming.
Principal towns include KENTVILLE, home of an Agriculture Canada research station; DIGBY, terminal for ferries to SAINT JOHN, NB, and a fishing port; and WOLFVILLE, home of Acadia University. The name derives from ANNAPOLIS ROYAL (for England's Queen Anne), the renamed settlement of Port-Royal.
Author I.A. BROOKES
Links to Other Sites
The official website for the Town of Wolfville, NS.
Nova Scotia's Natural History
An online guide to the natural history of various regions in Nova Scotia. From the website for the Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History.
Nova Scotia Apples
Take a bite out of this website for Nova Scotia Apples.
Grand-Pré National Historic Site of Canada
Explore the Grand-Pré National Historic Site of Canada, which commemorates Grand-Pré area as a centre of Acadian settlement from 1682 to 1755 and the Deportation of the Acadians, which began in 1755 and continued until 1762. From Parks Canada.