The confused status of the citizenship of American-born residents of Upper Canada reached a crisis in 1820-21 when Barnabas BIDWELL and his son, Marshall Spring Bidwell, sought election to the provincial assembly and faced opponents who claimed they were ineligible to hold office because of American citizenship. If the Bidwells were aliens, so also were the majority of the province. The controversy was settled in 1828 when the government acquiesced to a new instruction from the Colonial Office retroactively correcting any defects in the citizenship of all Upper Canada office holders and landowners who arrived before 1820.
Author D.N. SPRAGUE
Shawnadithit grew anxious waiting for her uncle, Longnon, to return to camp at the junction of Badger Brook and the Exploits River, deep in the wilds of Newfoundland...